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The first step is to use superposition theorem to construct a solution. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

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It is noted that the second step is usually implied in literature. November Learn how and when to remove this template message. Then, uniqueness theorem is employed to show that the obtained solution is unique. If there are dependent sources in the circuit, another method must be used such as connecting a test source across A and B and calculating the voltage across or current through the test source.

The equivalent circuit is a voltage source with voltage V Th in series with a resistance R Th. A zero valued current source passes zero current, regardless of the voltage htevenin it; its replacement, an open circuit, does the same thing. Articles with short description Articles needing additional references from November All articles needing additional references.


By using superposition of specific configurations, it can be shown that for lou linear “black box” circuit which contains voltage sources and resistors, its voltage is a linear function of the corresponding current as follows.

Thévenin’s theorem – Wikipedia

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That means an ideal voltage source is replaced with a short circuit, and an ideal current source is replaced with an open circuit. The proof involves two steps. Now, the uniqueness theorem guarantees that the result is general.

Original circuit The equivalent voltage The equivalent resistance The equivalent circuit. Here, the first term reflects the linear summation of contributions from each voltage source, while the second term measures the contributions from all the resistors. Resistance can then be calculated across the terminals using the formulae for series and parallel circuits.

A zero valued voltage source would create a potential difference of zero volts between its terminals, regardless of the current that passes through it; its replacement, a short circuit, does the same thing.

The theorem also applies to frequency domain AC circuits consisting of reactive and resistive impedances. The replacements of voltage and current sources do what the sources would do if their values were set to zero. The resistance is measured after replacing all voltage- and current-sources with their internal resistances.


In other words, the above relation holds true independent of what the “black box” is plugged to. This article needs additional citations for verification. It means the theorem applies for AC in an exactly same way to DC except that resistances are generalized to impedances.

Thévenin’s theorem

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In circuit theory terms, the theorem allows any one-port network to be reduced to a single voltage source and a single impedance.

Theorem in circuit analysis. This page was last edited on 27 Decemberat Retrieved from ” https: Circuit theorems Linear electronic circuits. This method is valid only for circuits with independent sources.