Be careful when on a diet. Incorrect nutrition intake can be fatal. The reason is, each individual has different nutritional needs when going on a diet.
It may be that there are those who hold certain foods, but there are also those who are vulnerable and actually avoid it. The main thing is to avoid unhealthy food intake because it can cause risks to health.
In a recent study entitled ‘Global Burden of Disease‘ released Wednesday (3/4), it was mentioned that as many as 11 million people died in 2017 due to consuming unhealthy foods. Indonesia is the fifth worst country in the world with a total of 391,346 cases behind the United States (US) reaching 503,391 people, Russia (550,003), India (1,573,593), and China (3,128,516).
Globally, the main factors associated with mortality related to consumption of unhealthy foods are caused by high consumption of sodium, lack of consumption of grains, and low consumption of fruits. バナナダイエット
Consumption of other healthy foods is also still less than optimal, is the type of beans, milk, and seeds.
According to a report compiled by a consortium of thousands of researchers, the discovery of the fact that there are still many people who consume unhealthy food will be a decision maker for food safety policy in Western countries. The study is also intended to track premature deaths and disability from more than 350 diseases in 195 countries in the world.
In that study, consumption of beans only reached 12%, milk 16%, and grains 23%. Conversely, global consumption of sweet drinks which reaches 49 grams per day exceeds the optimal limit. Likewise with processed meat (4 grams per day) and sodium (6 grams). Habits are considered unhealthy and are mostly done by men.
Another finding is the consumption of sodium and sugary drinks that are evenly distributed in the world. The highest consumption of red meat occurs in Australasia, southern Latin America and tropical Latin America. As for North America, Asia Pacific, and Western Europe consume more processed meat. Saturated fats are also widely consumed in Andean Latin America.
Food does not cause death directly, but increases the risk of a disease. Cardiovascular is the most common disease related to death from unhealthy food. The figure reached 10 million deaths in 2017. Followed by cancer (913,000) and type 2 diabetes (338,000).
The highest cardiovascular death rates occur in Central Asia and Oceania and the lowest in the Asia Pacific. Meanwhile, the highest death rate due to cancer occurred in East Asia and the lowest in North Africa and the Middle East, while the result of type two diabetes was highest in Oceania and lowest in Asia Pacific.
Consumption of unhealthy foods also causes more deaths than smoking. “Unhealthy food is now the highest cause of death compared to smoking and high blood pressure,” said Washington University Assistant Professor of Health Metrics and Evaluation Ashkan Afshin, quoted by cnn.com.
This shows that the low consumption of healthy food is the main factor of death compared to the high consumption of unhealthy food. People are more susceptible to disease because they rarely eat whole grains, nuts, milk, fruits, and vegetables than often consume salt and soda.
“Traditionally, studies related to healthy food have always focused on reducing consumption of unhealthy foods. However, in this study, we discovered something new. The low consumption of healthy foods turned out to be an important factor compared to the high consumption of unhealthy foods, “Afshin said.
One in five deaths in the world in 2017 also results from consuming too much sodium and a lack of grains, nuts and fruits, not from consuming high levels of fatty foods, sugary drinks, and red meat. This problem occurs in almost all regions in the world.
Based on studies, Uzbekistan is the country with the highest number of deaths due to unhealthy food. Followed by Afghanistan, Marshal Island, Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu. Israel is the country with the lowest number of deaths due to unhealthy food. Followed by France, Spain, Japan and Andorra.
Afshin warned consumers to be careful considering that currently many products sold do not match the advertisements that are aired. “Products that advertise themselves to consist of whole grains are not entirely true. In it there is sodium, sugar, and saturated fat. I think we all need to know, “he said.
He added, China, Japan, Indonesia and Thailand became the countries with the highest sodium consumption. It can not be separated from traditional Asian dishes that tend to be salty, ranging from sauces to pasta. According to the Head of the Center for Food Policy from London University Corinna Hawkes, culture is difficult to change.
Director of the Department of Nutrition for Health and Development of the World Health Organization (WHO) Francesco Branca said, unhealthy food is a major cause of illness and death. He urged people to make healthy food and be aware of the risks of any food preparations.
Nutrition expert from Dr. Dr. Inge Permadhi MS, SpGK, said that improper diet such as lack of fruit and vegetable intake, but high in protein and carbohydrates can contribute to health problems. Including the risk of obesity.
Data from the Indonesian Ministry of Health show that there is an increase in obesity in adults that has started since 2007. Consumption of vegetables and fruit in the country is still very low coupled with unhealthy food choices, eventually leading to various health problems including cancer, stroke, kidney disease , heart disease, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension.
Referring to BPS 2016 data, the consumption of fruits and vegetables in Indonesia is only around 173 grams per day, smaller than the WHO adequacy rate of 400 grams per day.
Meanwhile, Dr. Tirta Prawira Sari, MSc, SpGK emphasized that various non-communicable diseases are caused by unhealthy eating patterns such as high sugar, salt, and fat. Moreover, Indonesian people like to consume high-calorie fried foods. He urged people to be more selective with food intake in their daily lives.
“Don’t overeat, to taste,” he advised.
Regarding the current dietary trends, Tirta reminded her not to look at a diet that was certainly bad or good for her. As an example, the keto diet or a low carbohydrate diet but high in fat, is considered not good for health.
“The keto diet is good for individuals with certain conditions,” he said. In fact, he said, there is a lot of clinical evidence that this low-carb diet can cure type 2 diabetes.
“It means that the diet is individualized, it can’t be beaten flat for everyone. Because it depends on the health conditions of each, “he said.
That way, said Tirta, certain diets can be suitable for one individual but not necessarily suitable for other individuals. In addition to a healthy diet, regular exercise is also crucial to maintaining a healthy body.